Shailaputri – the daughter of Himalayas – one of the Navadurga, nine manifestation of Durga.
Shail means mountain and putri is daughter. Hence, Shailputri is the daughter of the mountain, or the king of mountains (Himalayas) – Himavat. Shailputri is another name of Goddess Parvati. In her previous birth, she was Sati – the daughter of King Daksha. Once, King Daksha insulted Shiva, the husband of Sati, due to which Sati burnt herself in the sacrificial fire. She reincarnated as Shailputri in her next birth as the daughter of Himavat. She is worshipped on the first day of Navratri – the nine divine nights dedicated to fierce Goddess Durga. Thus, she is an aspect of Goddess Durga. She is also the goddess of Muladhara or root chakra. When she awakens, she begins her journey upwards. Thus, the first day of Navratri is important for Yogis to awaken this goddess. She is depicted as holding a trident and a lotus, wearing a crescent moon on her head, and riding on bull, Nandi